Location and Geography:

Chile is the longest and narrowest country of the globe, with more than four thousand kilometers long and an average width of 177 km. The country is located at the southeast of the South American continent and shares borders with Peru to the north.

The Chilean territory expands from the Atacama Desert reaching the southernmost islands of the world, in Tierra del Fuego. Chile has a continental surface of 756.096 square kilometers, and its territory begins at 17° 30'south latitude stretching to 56°30' south latitude.

It is located between two big forces of nature, to the west with the Pacific Ocean to the west and with the Andes Mountain Range to the east.

In Chile we can observe how landscapes change as we move from the north to the southern part of the country.

In the north, the high Andean plateau and deserts predominate in the area, where you can find the Atacama Desert also known as the driest desert of the world.

In Chile's Central Zone, we will find the two most important mountain ranges of our geography, The Andes Mountain Range or "Cordillera de los Andes" and The Coastal Mountain Range or Cordillera de la Costa, giving rise to valleys, rivers and fields.

The area of South Chile is highlighted by big lakes, snowy volcanoes, and green forests known as Valdivian Forest or "Bosque Valdiviano". This is the only mild rainforest of South America.

The Patagonia has a territory with thousands of islands and a continental zone trimmed by fiords, canals and big glaciers. This region shelters important continental passages such as the Magellan Strait, Beagle Canal, and Drake Passage.


Spanish is the official language and is spoken by its complete population. There are also indigenous communities that have their own languages and dialects such as the Mapudungún, Aymara and Rapanui.


The currency unit in Chile is the Chilean Peso or CLP.

Documents needed to Access the country:

An updated passport is a fundamental prerequisite to enter the country.

Citizens from countries that do not share diplomatic relations with Chile, have to issue a tourist visa together with prior authorization from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in order to enter Chile.

As soon as you arrive, International Police well known in Chile as "Policía Internacional", will give travelers a Tourism Card also known in the country as "Tarjeta de Turismo". This is a non-transferrable and personal document only valid for 90 days. This card must be handed back to the Migration Office as soon as you leave the country.

Reciprocity Tax

Citizens of the countries of Albania, Australia, Canada, and Mexico, must pay the Reciprocity Tax to enter Chile. This tax must be paid as you exit the plane and before going through Migration Control.

  • Australia: US$ 61
  • Albania: US$ 30
  • Canadá: US$ 132
  • México: US$ 23
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The country receives about 25 Airline Companies at its International Airport in Santiago (SCL), located 20 kilometers to the west of the city.

The airport offers conveniences and services such as International Police, Customs, and Migration. The main airline in Chile is LAN Airlines, providing daily frequency to Santiago from the cities of New York, Miami, and Los Angeles (USA). In Europe, daily service departs from Frankfurt and Madrid, on the other hand, and thanks to an alliance with the company of Iberia, it connects with different cities in the rest of the continent.

The International Airport in Santiago also offers daily flights from other points of America such as the cities of Mexico, Bogotá, Lima, Buenos Aires, La Paz, Río de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and Montevideo. In the South Pacific, Chile runs itineraries from Tahiti and French Polynesia.

Chile also has other national airports along the country.

Ciudad IATA Aeropuerto
Antofagasta ANF Aeropuerto Nacional Andrés Sabella Gálvez
Arica ARI Aeropuerto Internacional Chacalluta
Balmaceda BBA Aeropuerto Balmaceda
Calama CJC Aeropuerto Internacional El Loa
Concepción CCP Aeropuerto Internacional Carriel Sur
Copiapó CPO Aeropuerto Desierto de Atacama
Dalcahue MHC Aeropuerto Mocopulli
Iquique IQQ Aeropuerto Internacional Diego Aracena
Isla de Pascua IPC Aeropuerto Internacional Mataveri
La Serena LSC Aeropuerto La Florida
Osorno ZOS Aeropuerto Cañal Bajo Carlos Hott Siebert
Puerto Montt PMC Aeropuerto Internacional El Tepual
Punta Arenas PUQ Aeropuerto Internacional Presidente Carlos Ibáñez del Campo
Santiago de Chile SCL Aeropuerto Internacional Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez
Temuco ZCO Aeropuerto La Araucanía
Valdivia ZAL Aeropuerto Pichoy